Surah Fatiha in nimaz
1. “In The Name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful.”
2. “(All) praise is (only) Allah’s, the Lord of the Worlds.”
3. “The Beneficent, The Merciful.”
4. “Master of the Day of Judgement.”
5. “Thee (alone) do we worship and of Thee (only) do we seek help.”
6. “Guide us (O’ Lord) on the Straight Path.”
7. “The path of those upon whom Thou hast bestowed Thy bounties, not (the path) of those inflicted with Thy wrath, nor (of those) gone astray.”
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ
The Holy phrase ‘In The Name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful’ / bism-il-lah-ir-rahman-ir-rahim / is, in fact, mentioned both at the onset of the Qur’an and at the beginning of every Surah, except Surah 9, (Surah Taubah -Repentance). And, since the purpose of Allah’s Word, i.e. the whole Qur’an, is to guide people; as Surah Al-Maidah, No. 5, verses 15-16 say:
therefore, this guidance, being a grant and a fundamental principle, begins with Allah’sHoly Name.
This Surah, among all Suras of the Qur’an: has an extraordinary; radiance which originates from the following merits:
This Surah, The Opening, in comparison with other Suras of the Qur’an regarding its tone and melody, has a particular style which is, clearly different and extraordinary.
The other Suras contain instructions from Allah, Who gives commands and admonishments to His servants, but, in this Surah, His words are uttered on behalf of the servants. In other words, in this Surah, Allah has taught His servants how to supplicate and speak to Him, simply and without a mediator.
It is narrated that the holy Prophet (S) has said:
“By the One, in Whose hand is my soul, Allah has not sent down a similar Surah to this Surah (Al-Fatihah), neither in the Turah, nor in the Gospel, nor in the Psalms, nor even in the Qur’an and it is Umm-ul-Kitab”;1 which means that it is the basis and origin of all excellence.
In fact, besides referring to the Resurrection, this Surah presents facts concerning the Unity of the Divine Essence, Unity of Attributes, Unity of Divine Acts, and Unity of Worship. It is the essence of the whole meaning of the Qur’an.
It is narrated from Hadrat Amir-ul-Mu’mineen Ali (as) that:
“All secrets of Allah are in Divine Books; and the contents of all those Divine Books are comprised in the Qur’an; and what is found in the Qur’an is condensed in Surah Al-Al-Fatihah, and what is in Al-Fatihah is gathered in / bismillah /, and what is in /bismillah / is concentrated in / b /, (the first letter of ‘Bism-il-la ‘ )…” 2
Based on the entirety of great commentators’ statements, it is understood that this tradition indicates clearly the importance of both the Holy Qur’an and / bismillah-ir-rahman-ir-rahim / in which science and knowledge, from the beginning to the end, is comprised.